Definition of Identification: Process, Form, and Examples

Written by Nandy

The notion of identification is a form of social interaction that exists in human life. The ability to identify is indeed very necessary especially for those who decide to take a level of education with the study of sociology. This is because there is a close relationship with social phenomena as well as various examples of social problems that exist in the surrounding environment.

The word identification may not be foreign to you, because indeed the existence of identification activities can exist in all kinds of aspects. Although it sounds simple, identification actually has several stages.

Of course, each step carried out in identification will allow for a clearer solution. Therefore, the existence of identification is needed in the community environment.

Definition of Identification


Previously, it has been briefly explained the meaning of identification. However, this point will be explained more broadly related to the notion of identification.

The definition of identification is an action that will be carried out with several processes such as searching, finding, researching, recording data and information about someone or something. Simply put, identification is an action that has to do with establishing or determining the identity of several things such as objects, people and so on.

Identification can also be interpreted as a form of social interaction where a person has a tendency to be similar to the idol figures they admire. This is because this identification process will be closely related to the meaning of imitation and the process of meaning suggestion that takes place in a person. But on the identification will have a stronger influence.

In addition, the process of imitation also has a temporary nature and only spans a certain time. However, it is different from the identification process that takes a long time and is even permanent.

In sociology the process of identification is also needed. Where this identification exists, it will be used to get a picture of the social reality of existing social problems. The existence of this basis in the identification process requires evidence that can be an objective attitude and social facts that you want to show.

Definition of Identification According to Experts


In the previous explanation is about the definition of identification in general. Meanwhile, this explanation is about the meaning of identification according to some experts.

1. Kartini Kartono

Kartini Kartono explained that the notion of identification is a social process and social interaction that will have a series of recognition of objects in a class according to certain characteristics.

2. Requests

Poerwadar Minta explained that the notion of identification is a form of determination that can result from establishing the identity of a person or object in handling certain social problems.

3. Soedarsono

Soedarsono said that the definition of identification can be divided into three. Where identification can be used to determine a decision or determination of a person and so on. Identification can also be interpreted as a psychological process of the individual self that can occur due to unconsciously imagining himself as someone else. Then, identification can also be interpreted as self-determination from the evidence that has been shown.

4. Herdaniwani 

Herdaniwani explained that identification is a special sign that will be carried out by individuals in the process of knowing themselves and making decisions in the process of establishing self-identity. That means, identification is a special effort made by an individual in showing his identity. Where this condition can occur after going through a long identification in order to distinguish himself from other people.

5. Komaruddin

Komarudin explained the meaning of identification is as identity or identity identity. That means an individual can show evidence or facts as identity identifiers. Identification can be seen when an individual begins to imitate the behavior of another individual.

6. Arief Budiman

Arief Budiman explained that identification is a process that will be carried out by individuals in equating themselves with the characteristics of external motorcycle taxis.

Related Book Recommendations

Below are some book recommendations related to identification. What are they? Read more below.

  • Quantitative Research Methods, Hypothesis Development

Hypothesis development is one of the most crucial steps in quantitative research. The hypothesis needs to be done with the existence of a strong argumentation basis as a form of basis for proposing certain hypotheses. In practice, especially in theses and dissertations that are currently under preparation, hypotheses often appear suddenly without being preceded by strong arguments.

After the hypothesis is made properly and correctly and the data is available for testing. Then it comes to the hypothesis testing stage. This book will specifically invite readers to conduct quantitative research in order to develop hypotheses properly and correctly.

  • Research Data Analysis Using Stata Software

The book Analysis of Research Data Using Stata Software is structured to help young researchers such as undergraduate and master students who will complete their final project. This book will specifically discuss how to use Stata software in the process of analyzing research data, especially in the social and business fields.

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Later, this book will begin with a discussion of definitions and an introduction to various types of data in research. Terms often used in data analysis and introduction to Stata software.

Where later the arrangement of the next discussion will follow the flow of research data analysis as in journals and articles. For example data preparation, presentation of descriptive and inferential statistics for testing hypotheses.

  • Qualitative Research Data Analysis

Qualitative Research Data Analysis is one of the difficulties that often arises in the use and practice of qualitative quality research. The existence of a Qualitative Research Data Analysis book will help try to answer this problem by introducing various kinds and tools that are usually used in the process of managing and analyzing qualitative data.

Illustrations and brief examples will be given on the basis of the author’s experience when preparing a doctoral thesis and for the first time using a qualitative research approach.

Where these assumptions will be used because the target of the Qualitative Research Data Analysis book is researchers who have just started learning about qualitative approaches and need references to management and analysis of data analysis.


Identification Process


In identifying also requires several processes. Where this process will indeed be carried out in three stages, namely the identification stage, the diagnosis stage and the treatment stage. Each stage has a different role, therefore it must be done sequentially. So that you understand even more, here is the identification process.

1. Identification Stage

The first stage is the identification stage. Where later at this stage someone will begin to recognize the problems they face first. Later, at this identification stage, it will be carried out objectively and subjectively depending on the existing problems.

Both objective and subjective will never be left out in the identification stage. In fact, both have different functions from one another.

At the objective stage it will be used as an initial reference in the process of solving the problems encountered. Objectivity can be seen from the instrument. Where the instrument will be used to measure a social problem.

Even so, sometimes the use of the objective stage in problem recognition is considered to be lacking in depth. In fact, sometimes it only comes to statistical elements.

Then, at the subjective stage is a way that is considered more effective for use in the social sciences. Identification carried out subjectively can be more in-depth and relative.

Subjective identification can also provide a broader and more comprehensive interpretation. Of course, in this case also do not forget the rules of established social standards.

Social problems that are viewed subjectively can be resolved with each region. This is because basically a social problem is always different.

So, the values ​​and norms that apply will also be different. This is also influenced by the existence of a point of view in the process of solving problems in an area. It could be that problems that occur in one area will not occur in other areas.

2. Diagnosis stage

After the next identification stage is the diagnosis stage. Basically, the diagnosis stage will be carried out to find out what factors can cause problems. This process will also produce a background problem.

Later, the way to do this is to find the source of the problem from the individual and group parties. If the problem originates from the individual, then what will be seen is from factors related to the individual. Some of these individual factors are such as biology, psychology and socialization abilities. This will make someone look guilty.

Meanwhile, when existing problems arise from the group, the identification actions taken will include various points of view. Things that can be seen can be related to social structure, social system functions and other things that have to do with social systems.

3. Level of Treatment

After the diagnosis stage is carried out, the next stage is the treatment or problem solving stage. Later, the process is carried out based on the results of the existing diagnosis. The solution to this problem cannot be seen only from one side. However, later it will be carried out thoroughly.

The problem solving process will be carried out comprehensively. It will not only be able to provide rehabilitation, but also preventative measures will be taken so that the same problem does not occur.

The existence of a problem-solving process is expected to prevent other problems from occurring. Of course this is also expected to minimize the occurrence of problems.

Form of Identification

In social and cultural sciences, identification is a process that exists in a person in imitating the behavior of other people or their idol figures. This will make the person so animated, have a personality and character that looks similar to their idol.

The several forms of identification are as follows.

1. Class Identification

Class identification or class identification is a form of identification that exists in a particular social class. For example, a student or student who has the behavior of imitating the behavior of the teacher or lecturer he admires.

2. Defensive Identification

Defensive identification or defensive identification is a form of subsequent identification that can occur because of a person’s fear of something. For example, in a coward who identifies himself as a fighter to be able to face the fear of others.

3. Development Identification

Development identification or development identification is a form of positive identification. Where this form of identification will make someone who used to have dependence on other parties turn into independent. An example is when a child who used to depend on their parents finally experiences self-development and is able to live more independently.

4. Ethnic identification

Ethnic identification or ethnic identification is a form of identification that can occur in a particular ethnic group. As an example, the Chinese community in Surabaya communicate with each other using the Javanese language and this allows them to mingle with the native Javanese ethnicity.

Identification Example

In everyday life we ​​actually have implemented the process of identification. However, it could be that we are not aware that the actions taken are an identification process.

Previously, identification has been explained, of course it will be more complete if we also know what are the examples of identification in everyday life. So, to make it even clearer, here is an example of identification in everyday life.

Example of identification in terms of sociology

The first example is identification in terms of sociology. Yusuf is a private PTS student in the city of Jakarta. He identified himself with the famous Bollywood artist figures he admired such as Shahrukh Khan.

Furthermore, Yusuf made major changes starting from his appearance, dance, speaking style to his favorite drink so he could resemble his idol, Shahrukh Khan.

Example of identification in terms of culture

The second example of identification is in terms of culture, especially regarding issues of cultural elements. For example, there are claims about a certain culture made by other parties and it is clear when viewed from the historical history that culture originates from the party of origin, not from the party making the claim.

However, to be able to make this claim, they carry out the same training and skills as the culture and even bring in native people from the area that owns the culture.

Examples of identification in terms of society

The last is an example of identification in terms of society. For example, when someone idolizes an entrepreneur figure who has succeeded and he is willing to do whatever stages are carried out by his idol character. For example, starting to dare to sell when their peers are busy playing.

Because it has a tendency to do the same action, gradually he gets what he wants. Because, however, he does not easily give up even though failure has befallen the journey he is on.


From the explanation above, it can be interpreted that various forms of social problems that occur in society and in their environment are often identified. That means, there is a tendency for someone to be the same as everyone else.

Judging from the explanation above, it can also be said that basically the identification process can have both positive and negative impacts. Even so, everything is also related to the activities carried out.

As anticipation of the identification process, it would be better if before imitating at the identification stage, it is necessary to make observations related to the influence that will occur within oneself. Because what we do is likely to be an example for others in the future.